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Lietuvos Respublika

 

Republic of Lithuania

 

  Vilniaus Šv. Stanislovo ir Šv. Vladislovo Arkikatedra Bazilika  
  Vilniaus Šv. Stanislovo ir Šv. Vladislovo Arkikatedra Bazilika – Cathedral Basilica of Saints Stanislaus and Vladislav – Bazylika archikatedralna św. Stanisława Biskupa i św. Władysława  

 

 

Though possessing roots centuries deeper still, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth created by the Union of Lublin in 1569, was officially named:

  • in Polish: Królestwo Polskie i Wielkie Księstwo Litewskie;
  • in Lithuanian: Lenkijos Karalystė ir Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė;
  • in Ukrainian: Королівство Польське та Вели́ке князі́вство Лито́вське;
  • in Belarusian: Каралеўства Польскае і Вялікае Княства Літоўскае.

It was one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th- and 17th-Century Europe. Though no modern democracy in the sense that all adult inhabitants participated, still in percentage terms the franchise, the right to participant in the democratic process, extended in Poland-Lithuania to two percent of the population. This contrasted with the situtation in the Kingdom of England, for example, where only half that proportion, only one percent of the population, could participate in English democracy.

 
     

 

 

  Kuršių marios  
     

 

 

 

  Aušros Vartai – Gate of Dawn  
 
Aušros Vartai – Gate of Dawn
 

 

 

 

  Churches of Saints Anne Francis and Bernard  
  Šv. Onos Bažnyčia – Saint Anne's Church in Vilnius, consecrated in 1500, and
Šv. Pranciškaus ir Šv. Bernardino Bažnyčia – Church of Saint Francis and Saint Bernard, consecrated in 1516
 

 

 

Church of Saint Francis and Saint Bernard, consecrated in 1516   Church of Saint Francis and Saint Bernard, consecrated in 1516
    Christmas 2014

 

 

 

  in Vilnius Lithuania the TV Tower and the Orthodox Church of Our Lady of the Sign  
  Consecrated in 1903, Церковь Знамения Божией Матери – the Orthodox Church of Our Lady of the Sign – Dievo Motinos „Ženklas iš dangaus“ – in Catholic Lithuania, and to the viewer's right, about four kilometers distant is the famed, 326.5 meter-high, Vilniaus Televizijos Bokštas – Vilnius TV Tower, the site of the 11-13 January 1991 Events, and the murder by the KGB of 14 unarmed civilians, one of the landmark events in the dissolution of the Bolshevik Soviet Union.  

 

 

 

Comforts and enrichments of Christendom in Vilnius   comforts and beauty of Christendom in Kaunas
Beauties and comforts of European Christendom, allowing us to contemplate, or forget, God, these in Vilnius ...   ... and in Kaunas

 

 

Kaunas    

 

  Across the Vytautas' Bridge and the Nemunas River to the Old Town of Kaunas  
 

Across the Vytautas' Bridge and the Nemunas River to the Old Town of Kaunas

 

 

 

 

  Kaunas Cathedral Basilica of apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul
    Kauno Šv. apaštalų Petro ir Povilo arkikatedra bazilika – Kaunas Cathedral Basilica of apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul
First mentioned in written sources in 1413, and the oldest Gothic Church in Lithuania, but also with later Renaissance and Baroque elements.

 

 

Kauno rotušė – Town Hall of Kaunas, begun in 1542    
Kauno rotušė – Town Hall of Kaunas, begun in 1542    

 

 

   
  Kauno pilis – Kaunas Castle  
  Perhaps replacing a still earlier, XII century, structure, as indeed IV to V century wooden defensive structures, the Kauno pilis – Kaunas Castle as pictured here on 23 II 2016, was first mentioned in written sources in 1361. It is the oldest extant stone and brick castle in Lithuania. The remaining structure is believed to resemble the castle as rebuilt in 1376. In a sense it stands as an unfortunate memorial to Christian dis-unity. Grand Duke of Lithuania Gediminas (c.1275, r. 1316 – December 1341) was (? forced to ?) play games ... or engage in diplomatic maneuvers ... with the Holy See and papal legates in the 1320s over the question of his and his realm's baptism and conversion to Christianity, that is, acceptance of Christ. It has been forcefully argued, that such were a statesmanlike way of dealing with a three-way conflict between his Catholic, Orthodox and pagan subjects, together with constant external threat of invasion by the the Teutonic Knights and the Livonian Order, as part of the ill-conceived and executed Northern Crusades. The Grand Duke died an un-baptized pagan. One of Gediminas' sons and successors, Kęstutis (r. 1342-1382, variously with his brother Algirdas and his nephew Jogaila–Władysław II Jagiełło) was Grand Duke when the Teutonic Knights in fact invaded Lithuania and engaged in a three-week seige of Kaunas Castle in April of 1362. Kaunas Castle was defended by 400 Lithuanians under the command of Kęstutis' son, Vaidotas. Only 36 survived, including Vaidotas. The Teutonic Knights celebrated Mass on in Kaunas Castle on Easter of 1362. Vaidotas went on to live until at least 1401. He was a brother of Grand Duke and King Vytautas the Great (* c. 1350 to 27 June 1430 †).  

 

 

 

uec_lt_kaunas_knygynas_humanitas   Vladislovas Starevičius house and bugs and girl
   

Everybody seems so interested in this house

 

 

 

  A most functional fisherman's art, from 26 December 1844, Kuršių vėtrungė – Nidden Kurenwimpel – Curonian weathervane (pennants or flags), to identify fishing boats and from which town they hail, and to regulate fishing within the Kuršių marios – Kuršu joma – Curonian Lagoon – Куршский залив – Kurisches Haff.  
     

 

 

Klaipėda – Memel    

 

 

     
  Klaipėdos dramos teatras – Klaipeda Drama Theater with the Simono Dacho paminklas–fontanas – Simon Dach Denkmal-Brunnen and with Ännchen von Tharau atop  
  Simono Dacho paminklas–fontanas – Simon Dach Denkmal-Brunnen
Klaipėdos dramos teatras – Klaipeda Drama Theater
Teatro aikštę – Theaterplatz
 

 

 

 

  Curonian pennant in Klaipėda  
     

 

 

  Curonian pennants in Klaipėda  
  Curonian pennants in Klaipėda  

 

 

  train on line from Klaipėda to Vilnius  
  Train on line from Klaipėda to Vilnius, 7 September 2016, showing us all the hardships of travel within European Christendom in the XXI century. Your humble narrator loves trains, but a train this beautiful and efficient and high quality is one more reminder of our condition. Christendom was built and defended and then built some more by men ready to die for the faith. In our times, how many of us would volunteer to part with five percent of our comforts for the defense of Church or Christendom?  

 

 

 

        Lietuva - Jungtinė Europos Krikščionija (Jungtinis Europos Krikščionijos; Jungtinė Europos Krikščionijos)
        Lithuania - United European Christendom